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В статье рассматриваются вопросы прогнозирования микроклимата городов и ветроэнергетического потенциала жилых зданий применительно к России, Северной и Восточной Европе. В исследовании проанализирована климатическая структура крупного города, биоклиматический комфорт, а также представлен климатический анализ на примере Москвы. Уточнена взаимосвязь ветрового режима с климатическими и градостроительными факторами. Представлены возможные подходы к оценке ветроэнергетического потенциала здания. Проанализирован зарубежный опыт и классификация факторов, влияющих на размещение ветроэнергетических установок. Отмечена возможность детализации данных микроклимата по ветровому режиму для размещения ветроэлектростанций с учетом благоустройства и озеленения городов. Рассмотрен вопрос первичной привязки ветроэнергетических установок в строительстве на основе ветроэнергетического потенциала зданий и территорий. Концепция "Умного города" рассматривается с целью формирования системы управления ветроэнергетическим потенциалом в городском строительстве и оценки комфортности аэрации для пешеходов с интеграцией в градостроительное энергетическое моделирование (УБЭМ).
The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) – one of the USA federal government’s policy tool for preserving and encouraging the development and rehabilitation of affordable rental housing. LIHTC provides an incentive for home developers to build, buy and refurbish housing for low-income taxpayers and also provides a non-refundable credit for those who invest in low-income housing projects as a means of stimulating the flow of capital into this sector. The type of housing structures typically used for this credit are multi-family dwellings.
The article shows the inseparable connection between the topics of the main centers of Russian regional science and the properties of the space that they are studying. The diversity of the thematic structure of research centers is derived from differences in economic geographical and geopolitical position, sectoral structure of the economy, age of economic development of the studied areas of the Russian space. However, the most important factor differentiating the Russian space is the density of economic activity, which determines the level of development of the territory. Within the Russian space, significant undeveloped territories of the North, the Arctic, Siberia, and the Far East are of particular interest, in which extensive buffer zones are distinguished between the main settlement zone and low‐density periphery. They constitute the essential specificity of the Russian space. Another feature is the presence of colossal “ownerless” spaces that are outside the influence of any nearby major center and therefore are forced to focus on the federal capital, Moscow.
The aim of this article is to highlight the connection between academic sound research projects and urban studies and practices in perspective of the sonic aspect of place identity. The author explicates a chronological parallel between the starting point of Sound Studies as an interdisciplinary research field and the explosion of interest in sound in the field of urbanism. This connection is being called the sonic renaissance. The author considers the conceptual basis of sonic discourse in urbanism and comes to a conclusion that the term “soundscape”, the most popular in urban sound discourse, is no more relevant for serious discussion in context of urban environment. In order to avoid such mistakes in the field of place identity research, the author comes up with an alternative term, “identity of a place”. Compared to the “place identity” term, “identity of a place” opens up new opportunities for sound research in the context of local identity and prevents such investigations from fall- ing into subjectivism.
The article is the list of the books and dissertations dedicated to the history of public transit in the cities of the former USSR. Main part of these publications are keeping in the storages in the principal libraries of the former USSR. Its signatures (codes) in these libraries are indicated in the brackets. The bibliographical list is ordered in the alphabet of city’s (region’s) names, in each city (region) – in chronological order. From 766 titles Moscow takes 97, St. Petersburg – 59, Khar’kov – 47, Kiev – 40, Nizhniy Novgorod – 32, Baku – 30, Odessa – 25, Minsk – 20, Riga – 15, Tbilisi – 14, Krasnodar – 12, Kazan’ – 11, Perm’ – 10, Vitebsk – 9, Astrakhan’ – 9, Saratov – 9, Samara – 8.
Some ontological mechanisms making it possible to imagine space and movement as well as to assign them value dimension are described and explained. The phenomenon of travel as a value-loaded real or imaginary relocation in the value-anisotropic space is considered in detail.
The article presents a special modification of the EOQ formula and its application to the accounting of the cargo capacity factor for the relevant procedures for optimizing deliveries when renting storage facilities. The specified development will allow managers to take into account the following process specifics in the format of a simulated supply chain when managing inventory. First of all, it will allow considering the most important factor of cargo capacity when optimizing stocks. Moreover, this formula will make it possible to find the optimal strategy for the supply of goods if, also, it is necessary to take into account the combined effect of several factors necessary for practice, which will undoubtedly affect decision-making procedures. Here we are talking about the need for additional consideration of the following essential attributes of the simulated cash flow of the supply chain: 1) time value of money; 2) deferral of payment of the cost of the order; 3) pre-agreed allowable delays in the receipt of revenue from goods sold. Developed analysis and optimization procedures have been implemented to models of this type that are interesting and important for a business. This - inventory management systems, the format of which is related to the special concept of efficient supply. We are talking about models where the presence of the specified delays for the outgoing cash flows allows you to pay for the order and the corresponding costs of the supply chain from the corresponding revenue on the re-order interval. Accordingly, the necessary and sufficient conditions are established based on which managers will be able to identify models of the specified type. The purpose of the article is to draw the attention of managers to real opportunities to improve the efficiency of inventory management systems by taking into account these factors for a simulated supply chain.
Heterotopy is space represented by different images of places; these
images of places may be incompatible or poorly compatible with each other. Geographic
imagination, taken in its phenomenological-narrative context, provides the real
geography and topography of the region. Spatiality is carried out ontologically as the
deployment of overlapping geographic images which transforming each other. The
ontology of a place is revealed by the multiplicity of its autonomous landscapes, which
become immiscible heterotopies. Heterotopies propagate themselves through evermultiplying
The article provides an analysis of judicial practice for the first few years of the Moscow Housing Renovation Program. It is indicated that the possibilities for citizens to challenge various decisions made within the framework of the renovation program can be described as very limited. In fact, residents can only appeal to a court a decision made by the general meeting of owners of premises in an apartment building. The author criticizes the application of the general norms of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation in disputes on renovation, and points out the need for the court to verify the validity of including a house in the renovation program.
Urban structure of Singapore is done. The structure of the transportation system of Singapore is analyzed: external transport nodes; motorization’s level; expressway’s network; ways of solving the problem of traffic congestion (including EPR system); modes of mass transit (buses, subway, people-movers, monorails, passenger ropeways); bus interchange terminals.
This book addresses unexpected disasters and shocks in cities and urban systems by providing quantitative and qualitative tools for impact analysis and disaster management. Including environmental catastrophes, political turbulence and economic shocks, Resilience and Urban Disasters explores a large range of tumultuous events and key case studies to thoroughly cover these core areas. In particular, the socio-economic impacts on urban systems that are subject to disasters are explored.
Limiting factors of transport development in Siberia and the Far East are the different natural zonal and azonal factors, as well as particularity of economic and social development of these territories. The quality of transport communication between Siberia and the Far East and the rest of the country, as well as within the region in the 1990s is sharply deteriorated. Transport tariffs increased, while the intensity of air traffic decreased and a number of areas were cut off from the national system of land communication. Therefore, the study of current transport situation in the regions of Siberia and the Far East, particularly remote or isolated from the main territory of the country is important. The combination of permanent climatic and changing socio-economic factors excludes the universalism in implementation of the transport strategy of a particular territory. This study is granted by Russian Geographical Society and Russian Foundation for Basic Research №24/2018/RGO-RFFI, leader S.А. Tarkhov). Database of the intensity and nature of transportation in the 2 regions-keys – Krasnoyarsk and Sakha (Yakutia) Republic – was compiled. Its analysis conducts the macro-zoning of the level of transport connectivity, to identify isolated local and regional transport systems, and to distinguish their main types.