THE IMPLEMENTATION OF RESETTLEMENT PROGRAMS FROM EMERGENCY HOUSING STOCK IN THE CENTERS OF RUSSIAN CITIES – THE PROBLEM OF PRESERVING CITY-FORMING OBJECTS AND OBJECTS OF CULTURAL HERITAGE
The privatization process has created a huge number of homeowners in Russia due to the transition to a market economy. Some experts in Russia agree that a huge number of homeowners distinguishes Russia from the Western experience and saves Russian cities from the process of gentrification. However, there is a State Program of Resettlement of the Emergency Housing Stock. The goal of the program is to reduce the number of emergency houses. If the house is declared an emergency, the government can withdraw it for public needs. According to this process, the government must pay householders for their homes and offer new ones within the city boarders. As a rule, a huge number of emergency houses are located in the city center, which is also a place of concentration of cultural heritage sites. After relocation, the objects must be reconstructed or demolished. In addition, there are a lot of cases of civil protests against demolitions of valuable historical buildings for the realization of that program. That is why our research focused on the implementation of this program to objects of historical heritage. On the one hand householders have security obligations of objects of heritage, on the other hand the government can confiscate them if the objects are threatened with loss. From this side the implementation program is an instrument of confiscation of heritage objects for saving them. But in real practice we found that the government does nothing after resettlement. And that inaction leads to the slow destruction of objects. In our research based on experience of four Russian cities we investigate how resettlement programs are implemented jointly with heritage programs. In spite of the importance of social aspects, we do not consider them in our research. However, we show the problem, that for sustainable development of city centers the government has to find approaches for better management of heritage objects, search for investments and work with householders instead of resettle them.
Prt. THE IMPLEMENTATION OF RESETTLEMENT PROGRAMS FROM EMERGENCY HOUSING STOCK IN THE CENTERS OF RUSSIAN CITIES – THE PROBLEM OF PRESERVING CITY-FORMING OBJECTS AND OBJECTS OF CULTURAL HERITAGE . 2022.
Location of Productive Forces in Russia in an Innovation Economy
The relevance of the topic is determined by a pioneering attempt to generalize, based on world experience and Russian realities of the last three decades, new patterns in the location of Russia’s productive forces arising in connection with innovative modernization of the national economy. This research objective has identified the solution to three main problems: (1) identification and characterization of urban agglomerations, economic clusters, and new industrial areas as new forms of the location of Russia’s productive forces; (2) analysis of the phenomenon of center–periphery dichotomy of the Russian space using the tools of the gravity model; (3) study of differences in the factors involved in placing new industrial facilities in Russia, depending on the degree of their production efficiency. The main methods for solving these problems were multiscale analysis, the Clark–Medvedkov potential model, and comparative analysis. Analysis showed that the new location patterns of Russia’s productive forces are associated with the rise in importance of urban agglomerations, and economic clusters, grassroots (small) economic districts in the form of localized areas of increased economic concentration: innovation valleys, technology parks, industrial parks, special economic zones, etc., as modern forms of the spatial organization of productive forces. These forms of compact placement yield better conditions for the learning processes between employees and firms, the flow of knowledge, and generation of innovations than former, larger, and more spatially dispersed ones. The Russia’s placements specifics include low population density of the country’s space, extreme cold, significant underurbanization, and landlocked territory. These features of the Russian space are manifested in the particular nature of Russia’s center–periphery: about half the country’s territory does not have “distinct” nearby center, the role of which in innovative modernization and spatial reorganization is therefore under force carried out by Moscow. The main modern watershed in placement processes is not along the industrial-nonindustrial axis; rather, it involves routine–creative types of economic activity. Industrial facilities themselves can fall into the categories of routine and creative. The tendency for innovative (new) industries to cluster in space is related to the role of knowledge flows: closer to the places of development of new knowledge, technical, and technological innovations. The high-tech branches of the electronic and biotechnological industries, which rely on the intangible assets of new knowledge and new technical solutions, are maximally concentrated in terms of location. The traditional industrial sectors of the light and food industries are much more dispersed. The location of high-tech types of economic activity is particularly sensitive to the factors of the institutional environment, the agglomeration effect, and the presence of innovation infrastructure facilities. Modernization of the spatial organization of Russia’s productive forces, in the presence of general innovation trends, proceeds with significant specifics in large metropolitan agglomerations, million-plus cities, old industrial districts, single-industry cities, and industrial–agrarian and agrarian territories.
Regional Research of Russia. 2023. Vol. 13. No. 1. P. 129-141.
Development cycles of cities in the Siberian North
This chapter describes the development cycles of cities in the Siberian North. These cycles are typically connected to the boom-and-bust cycles in associated natural resource development. I discuss the oil and gas cities of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug “Ugra,” the Yamal peninsula, the Yenisei North (Igarka, Dudinka), and Dickson on the northern sea route. Using ethnographic interviews, I analyze the characteristics of different phases of development and changes in the social sphere and the mood of citizens across these phases and geographic areas. I discuss on the peculiarities of urban development in Siberia based on different resource exploitation histories and the possibilities of moving to a post-raw material stage of development in the Siberian North.
In bk.: The Siberian World. Routledge, 2023. Ch. 24. P. 352-363.
EXPLORING ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN PARKING OCCUPANCY RATE AT RESIDENTIAL ESTATES AND SPATIAL CHARACTERISTICS. THE CASE OF YEKATERINBURGFinancial losses due to low demand for parking spaces in garages at residential estates is a key motivation for this research. The purpose of this paper in particular is to statistically explore the relationship between parking occupancy rates and various factors on transport supply, characteristics of location and the building. The occupancy rate of parking was measured as the ratio of actual number of cars to total number of parking spaces. The fieldwork on counting occupied parking spaces was conducted 2 times per day during a week on a sample of 13 locations in different areas of a 1.4-million Yekaterinburg city in Russia. 4700 observed parking spaces give sample size of 173 records. Statistical analysis shows that the crow-fly distance to the city center as well as the number of public transport stops are strongly associated with occupancy rate for parking. Also, occupancy rate is much more affected by the type of parking ownership. Private owning means purchase of a parking space or renting it while public ownership suggests free access. So private parking means a 45% decline in occupancy compared to the public parking regime. Research provides empirical results and some theoretical underpinnings are also highlighted.
Urban and Transportation Studies. URB. НИУ ВШЭ, 2020. No. 9.
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